Volume 6, 2023
|Number of page(s)
|Sustainable Building Materials and Construction
|27 July 2023
Arundo donax L. as sustainable building material
Department of Structure for Engineering and Architecture, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy
2 Department of Civil Engineering, Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisbon, Portugal
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Accepted: 20 June 2023
Arundo donax L. (ADL), also known as giant reed or Mediterranean cane, is a riparian herbaceous species characterized by long and robust stems. Classified as an invasive species because of its high capacity to grow, this natural material has been used for centuries in several sectors: handicrafts, agriculture and, mostly important, in buildings. Even if this species is easily found in the most of Mediterranean landscapes and is characterized by a large employment, most of its physical and mechanical properties are still unknown. In this context, the paper focuses on the identification of the ADL properties as plant and the assessment of the benefits to use Arundo donax in the field of constructions, especially in terms of environmental impact, through a careful analysis of existing architectures. Moreover, a simulation for the determination of the thermal performance and energy demand of a building that use Arundo donax as insulating material is proposed, also comparing the results to traditional insulating products.
Key words: Arundo donax L / sustainable building materials / vernacular architecture / energy performance simulation
© N. Amarone et al., Published by EDP Sciences, 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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