Open Access

Table 1

Causes of construction waste.

Causes Reference
Poor site management and supervision [2123]
Lack of experience [24,25]
Inadequate planning and scheduling [21,23,24,26]
Mistakes and errors in design [2628]
Mistakes during construction [27,29]
Incompetent subcontractors [21,22,24,27]
Rework [24,26,28]
Frequent design changes [22,23,26]
Labour productivity [20,21]
Inadequate monitoring and control [28]
Inaccurate quantity take-off [30]
Shortage of site workers [22,31]
Lack of coordination between parties [26]
Slow information flow between parties [28]
Shortage of technical personnel (skilled labour) [24,26]
Changes in material specification and type [32]
Equipment availability and failure [23,24,26,27]
Effect of weather [21,22,26,28]

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